Observations and research into natural hazards, affecting the ocean and coast, are carried out by a range of agencies and institutions, some of which are listed under the Oceans/Seabed
subsection. Major governmental organisations in Europe and the US have exhaustive websites with historical and near-real time information on a range of hazards.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
is the main point of contact relating to hazards predicted under the present phase of global warming. A number of reports based on the Third Assessment of Climate Change, 2001, are available on the web; the Fourth Assessment being scheduled for 2007.
National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC)
is set up to rapidly determine the location and size of all destructive earthquakes world-wide. These data are immediately disseminated to relevant national and international agencies, scientists and the general public.
Submarine Landslides and Turbidity Currents
Insights into Submarine Geohazards from Breaks in Subsea Telecommunication Cables (published in Oceanography 2014)
Adobe Acrobat Document (.pdf) - 1.26 MB
The original discovery of active submarine landslides and turbidity currents in the deep ocean was made in the 1950s through analysis of breaks in transoceanic communications cables. Further insights regarding the causes, frequency, and behavior of damaging submarine flows are presented here, based on recent disruptions of modern communications cables in the Strait of Luzon off southern Taiwan. Authors: Lionel Carter (Antarctic Research Centre, New Zealand and ICPC Marine Environmental Advisor), Rachel Gavey (OMV New Zealand Ltd), Peter J. Talling (National Oceanography Centre, UK), James T. Liu (National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China).
National Weather Service (NOAA)
operates two tsunami warning systems; the West Coast/Alaska Tsunami Warning Center and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (Hawaii), as well as the International Tsunami Information Center in conjunction with UNESCO. The following address is a direct link to the 3 centres.
Coastal Change Hazards: Hurricanes and Extreme Storms
Our research focuses on understanding the magnitude and variability of the impacts of hurricanes and extreme storms on the sandy beaches of the United States. The overall objective is to improve the capability to predict coastal change that results from severe storms. Such a capability will support management of coastal infrastructure, resources, and safety.
National Hurricane Center (NOAA)
gives warnings, forecasts and analyses of hazardous tropical weather. The web pages have much data on Atlantic and Pacific hurricanes and severe storms, including forecasts, satellite watches and historical records.
USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program
The USGS coastal and marine geologic research supports understanding of coastal and marine environments, through technology, tools, data and mapping products.